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What does the term "mitigation" refer to?

Under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), "mitigation" includes all of the following actions to eliminate or reduce the impact to natural resources (animals, plants, water) caused by development by:

  • Avoiding the impact altogether by not taking a certain action or parts of an action.
     
  • Minimizing impact by limiting the degree or magnitude of the action and its implementation.
     
  • Rectifying the impact by repairing, rehabilitating, or restoring the impacted environment.
     
  • Reducing or eliminating the impact over time by preservation and maintenance operations during the life of the action.
     
  • Compensating for the impact by replacing or providing substitute resources or environments.

Source: California Coastal Commission